I. What is language?
Based on readings from Rickerson & Hilton, chapters 1, 2, and 14. 1. Approximately what percentage of the world's languages have fewer than 1,000 living speakers? * 2. Which of the following is NOT one of the criteria that Donna Jo Napoli argues separates human language from animal communication? * II. Prescriptivism and Descriptivism
Based on readings from Rickerson & Hilton chapter 17 and Language Files file 1.3. 3. What (or who) does Dennis R. Preston mean by "linguistic gatekeepers"? Do linguists generally have a favorable or unfavorable view of these "linguistic gatekeepers"? * 4. Based on these readings, linguists are ____. * 5. Which of the below is true? * III. The sounds of language and the International Phonetic Alphabet
Based on readings from Crystal chapters 4 and 5, Rickerson & Hilton chapter 28, and Language Files file 2.1. Be sure to refer to the IPA chart for help. 6. Which of the following contains a high back rounded tense vowel? *
For questions 7 and 8, identify the position of the velum (referred to by Crystal as the uvula) and the state of the vocal folds in the following speech sounds.
7. [ŋ] * 8. [ʃ] * IV. Phonology
Based on files 3.0–3.2 in Language Files. 9. What's the syllable structure of the word "shrimp"? *
Hint: It will be helpful to transcribe the word into IPA first.
10. Which of the following words has a CVC syllable structure? * 11. What's one difference between the phonotactics of English and Indonesian? * V. Meaning and Semantics
Based on readings from chapter 6 of Language Files. 12. Which is true of the following pair of sentences? *
(a) "Everyone dies eventually."
(b) "Nobody is immortal." 13. Which is true of the following pair of sentences? *
(a) "Christina painted the barn."
(b) "The barn has never been painted." 15. In the above diagram, which of the following is true?